Thursday, October 31, 2019

V 9 N. 39 Paul Geis R.I.P.





Former University of distance runner Paul Geis died Wednesday, apparently of a pulmonary embolism. He was 66.
Geis transferred to Oregon from Rice University in Houston, and competed for the Ducks in in 1974 and 1975. He was NCAA champion in the three-mile run in 1974, and second in the NCAA three-mile final in 1975.
He was a 1976 U.S. Olympian, placing 12th in the in the 5,000 meters. Geis still stands sixth on Oregon’s career list in the 5,000 with a time of 13 minutes, 23.4 seconds. The five runners ahead of him are Bill McChesney Jr., Edward Cheserek, Rudy Chapa, Alberto Salazar and Steve Prefontaine.
Former UO track star Steve Bence roomed withGeis at Oregon. Bence remembered Geis as a smart, intense and driven athlete -- much like Prefontaine. The two developed something of a rivalry.
“I think Paul was more like Pre than Pre wanted to admit,” Bence said.
-- Ken Goe


Paul with your intrepid reporters a few years ago in Eugene.


He had some good ole boy Texan in him when we met in Oregon.  George


Very, very sad,
I got to know Paul (U of Oregon) at the Montreal Olympics in 1976. I was his supplier of Tiger shoes. Paul made the finals in the 5000M. Paul was fun to be around. Brash and outspoken in a nice way!
He will be deeply missed!
John Bork

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

V 9 N. 38 How Track Blogger Survives Without Power in Northern California

My co-blogger Roy Mason sent this account today of how he is surviving in Ukiah, CA while there is no power in several counties due to wildfires.  I have not read anything this good about the fires.  He is an artist when he so chooses.

From Roy to all:

Sort of like camping out, ho, ho, ho. No, it is not. When you camp, you are prepared for certain hardships, you have an idea of how long the ordeal will last and if discomfort overcomes your love of nature you pack up the Subaru and go home.

Ukiah has a population of 16,000 but in a five-mile radius from the center of town there are at least 30,000, all of whom are without power as I type this.
I have a generator. More on that later. Most residents do not. Within a mile of the road that goes up the mountainside on which I live there are a dozen apartment buildings. These people do not have electricity. Without a lantern they are in darkness by 6:15. They can't cook. Dinner consists of peanut butter and jelly sandwiches by the light of a lantern. Whatever is in the refrigerator becomes less refrigerated by the hour.

Well, they can always go to McDonalds. Wrong. McDonalds, Burger King, In and Out Burger and every restaurant in town is closed. Nope, not even pizza places. The one spot you can get hot food is Costco. I saw a lady pushing a flatbed shopping cart that had at least 20 large pizzas. (My breakfast yesterday was a Costco hot dog). Large groceries are open to some degree. Safeway is 24 hours, Lucky's was open from 2-4 yesterday, Food Max was 10 hours.

Need some sort of mechanical gizmo to make your world turn? Not to worry, Friedman's Hardware is here for you....sort of. The door is blocked by 6-8 employees. Yesterday I told the gestapo that I wanted a propane canister. No problem. I left feeling superior to all those who power their generators with gas. First on my list today was exchanging an empty canister for a full one. Shoulda been here yesterday, pal. All out.

Still and all, I felt ahead of the game. Yesterday Costco was out of gas but I saw the truck refilling the tanks. For those of you familiar with my route to Costco, imagine this. I turned right off State Street and got halfway down the 3/10 mile straight before reaching backed up traffic. Two more turns with straights of 1/10 mile put you on Airport Boulevard. Take a right and in at least another half mile you reach the Costco gas station. Cars were backed up a nearly a mile to get gas. This was compounded by the fact that Airport Blvd was backed up before anyone in this line would turn right so once you reached the final straight you took turns at that intersection, so what looked like an afternoon in your car listening to Sean Hannity morphed into a lifetime. I was there at 3:30 and saw folks who were not to reach the pumps before they closed at 8. Fortunately, your little buddy was not in this line. I know the short cut down the backroad with the NO TRAFFIC barrier. This got me to Friedman's but would have earned me a beating had I tried to cut into the gas line at the driveway.
Sign over freeway in Santa Rosa in 2017 thanking firefighters.

I drove State Street (the main N-S street) looking for warm food. Not even Denny's was open. Ukiah was empty. The courthouse was closed. No business – auto repair, book store, lawyer's office, hardware store, tire shop, bank, hair salon - was open. Everybody had gone home. No traffic lights. No intersection has lights. Each is now a four way stop, which amazingly everyone observes.
Things here at Camp Fircrest are better than most homes thanks to the generator. When we lost power at 7:30 in the middle of the third quarter of the Michigan – Notre Dame game, I took my Elmore Leonard book and read in bed by flashlight until I dozed off. Not knowing how long a propane canister would last, I saved whatever power I had for another day. Fired it up Sunday morning and had lights in the bathroom, den, bedroom, living room and part of the kitchen. That part was the refrigerator. Thought the contractor and I were in accord that the part of the kitchen that included the stove, microwave, toaster and coffeemaker would be wired as well. Obviously there was a failure to communicate. The toaster and coffeemaker now reside in the bedroom. For a short while I had the toaster in the bathroom, a location which allowed me to toast and butter my English muffin while taking a dump. Practical as that was, the hygiene issue initiated the move to the bedroom.

Until the outage I hadn't realized the importance of the internet in my life. Without electricity, there is no wi-fi. Without wi-fi there is no internet....or TV. How can I order from Amazon? How to look up Allie Reynolds lifetime ERA? How to follow the adventures of Donald Trump? Fortunately I have several half-finished books lying around. The Elmore Leonard book will be finished before I doze off tonight.

The advantage I have over the majority of Ukiah residents is the woodstove. Rely on electric heat and you better bundle up well. I keep the stove going from the time I am up until bedtime. It is one thing to be in a dark house. It is another to be in a dark, cold house.
This was 2017 during a visit a Roy's.  Note the handy woodstove.

I am typing this Monday evening. It will go out tomorrow from the health club where there is wi-fi for all. Spent an hour and a half there this afternoon catching up on emails.

Speaking of the health club, the power outage has been very good for business. There is an industrial-sized generator on a flatbed trailer parked by the front door. Sunday and Monday the parking lots have been filled as I have never seen them. Little to do at home without electricity. Let's go to the health club. School is out for the week. What to do with the little ones? Who wants to go swimming? Fortunately for me, this influx of the unwashed has no effect on the weight rooms or the exercise bikes. The lobby is full of folks on laptops. Looks like a college cafeteria.

Thank God for cell phones so we can all stay in touch. Whoops, not so fast. Cellphones need cell towers. Cell towers need electricity. There are 17 counties with power shutdowns and many of those have nonfunctioning cell towers. Ukiah is not among them. Yesterday I was in my driveway when a slow-moving pickup pulling what I learned was a generator stopped. The driver asked if this was the way to the cell tower. Told him Fircrest dead ended in a quarter mile and that he would have to go down to Dora and over to Oak Knoll. He was pretty sure this was the way. Well, it is if you go through Dexter's property where he has a cable blocking passage. This didn't discourage the guy. As he didn't come back I assume he made connection with Oak Knoll and then reached the top of the mountain, assuring cell phone coverage for all.
Roy, the dogs and his trusty propane tank.  No that is not an electrical generator on the table.

Speaking of phone communication, I have none. My service is Ooma which runs off wi-fi which is fueled by electricity. (Yes, a cellphone is in my future.) Fortunately Colleen stopped by so I was able to call Tom and Merwyn and cancel their visit planned for Sunday. The Santa Rosa Airport has canceled all flights due to smoke. Even if that weren't the problem, there is no guarantee that I will have power by that time as PG&E shutdowns are based on wind velocity. (The Healdsburg area had a wind reading of 103 mph early Monday morning.)
No one in Mendocino Co. has had to evacuate but the last number I heard who have had to do so in Sonoma Co (our southern neighbor) was 190,000. Where do you go? Radio and TV tell of the fairgrounds, churches, parks, recreation areas where you can sleep on a cot in several hundred others but this is impractical for numbers of this magnitude. Where do the elderly go? What if you have special needs? What to do with your dogs, cats, horses? Though it is a mandatory evacuation order I suspect a great many homeowners have stayed home either because this is my house God damn it and I'm not going or they simply had nowhere to go. Can't imagine where I would go with my dogs, especially Toby who is incontinent and therefore poops whenever the need arrises and has to wear a diaper to soak up the pee.

Now to turn off the generator and settle into bed with my newly purchased cap with headlights to read until I doze off. Yesterday when I started the generator I was stunned by the noise. How can I function with this incredible racket? Now it is the soothing purr of a kitten.
Roy and George in better times. 

This from Geoff Pietsch 
Comment:
It is, of course, terrible that so many Californians have to deal with this situation. But I'm glad you posted this. I just wish this and similar accounts would reach the eyes - and minds and hearts - of people all over the country. Including Congress and the White House. We who live far away can read the papers and watch the news coverage, but this sort of detailed account brings the reality home. As did last night's PBS Frontline report, with incredible videos, of last year's Camp Fire that essentially destroyed Paradise CA.  Too often discussions about Climate Change and its impacts focus on the flooding that impends in coming decades. That concern is real - and the consequences can/will be catastrophic. But extreme weather events are happening more and more frequently now.
Geoff Pietsch   Gainesville FL

Good News.  The power is back on in Ukiah after 4 days.


Monday, October 28, 2019

V 9 N. 37 Blaine Lindgren (June 26, 1939-October 5, 2019) R.I.P.


Blaine Lindgren passed away on October 5, 2019 at the age of 80.  He will long be remembered for that controversial decision that cost him the gold medal in the 1964 Olympics in Tokyo, where officials decided that he went under the finish tape instead of breaking it, thus costing him the race. Hayes Jones was declared the winner. The rules said that the winner had to break the tape.  The race was probably too close for the human eye to pick a winner and the photo technology may not have been up to seeing who crossed the line first.  Jones and Lindgren were separated by several lanes, so that also made it more difficult to decide.  The biggest disadvantage to Lindgren was probably the Lane 1 draw.  It does appear that Lindgren's lanebon the cinder track  had not been chewed up by any earlier races.  Obviously lane assignments were not yet done based on timing in the semis, as Lindgren had won his semi over Jones and had the best time overall in those heats.

Blaine Lindgren in his own words  Lots of info on Lindgen in this 7 minute interview.  You just have to put up with the wahoo doing the interview.

Note the difference in clearance styles with Jones straightening up more quickly than Lindgren.  Jones was much shorter than Lindgren at 5' 10.5" (168 lbs)   to 6' 2.5" (203 lbs.)..

Semi-Finals Heat One


G
RankAthleteAgeTeamNOCT(H)T(A)
1Anatoly Mikhaylov27Soviet UnionURS13.9w13.90wQU
2Gurbachan Singh Randhawa25IndiaIND14.0w14.04wQU
3Giorgio Mazza25ItalyITA14.0w14.06wQU
4Marcel Duriez24FranceFRA14.0w14.10wQU
5Hinrich John28GermanyGER14.1w14.14w
6Lázaro Betancourt28CubaCUB14.2w14.23w
7Willie Davenport21United StatesUSA14.2w14.28w
ACValentin Chistyakov24Soviet UnionURSDQ

Semi-Finals Heat Two

RankAthleteAgeTeamNOCT(H)T(A)
1Blaine Lindgren25United StatesUSA13.913,95QU
2Giovanni Cornacchia25ItalyITA14.014,06QU
3Hayes Jones26United StatesUSA14.014,06QU
4Eddy Ottoz20ItalyITA14.114,12QU
5Bo Forssander22SwedenSWE14.214,21
6Aleksandr Kontarev26Soviet UnionURS14.214,27
7Hirokazu Yasuda28JapanJPN14.314,30
8Mike Parker26Great BritainGBR14.614,65


Final

RankAthleteAgeTeamNOCT(H)T(A)L
1Hayes Jones26United StatesUSA13.613.676OR
2Blaine Lindgren25United StatesUSA13.713.741
3Anatoly Mikhaylov27Soviet UnionURS13.713.788
4Eddy Ottoz20ItalyITA13.813.843
5Gurbachan Singh Randhawa25IndiaIND14.014.094
6Marcel Duriez24FranceFRA14.014.095
7Giovanni Cornacchia25ItalyITA14.114.127
8Giorgio Mazza25ItalyITA14.114.172
Finish Stats from "Sports Reference"

Blaine Lindgren Obituary from KSL.com


Jim Allen's Photos in Russia with Lindgren and others  An earlier posting in Once Upon a Time in the Vest featuring Jim Allen has photos taken in Moscow of Lindgren and some of the other well known athletes of 1963.  

Wednesday, October 23, 2019

V 9 N. 36 Marieke Vervoort Para Olympian Sprinter R.I.P.



October 23, 2019

I began the day carrying out a number of internet errands and reading several journals when I noticed on the pages of England's   The Guardian, that a 2016 Olympic medallist had died via euthanasia.  I wondered how someone that recently competing, that young could be a candidate for ending her life this way?  Also you may be asking why I chose to get off the normal policy of doing stories about track athletes.  Marieke's sport eminates from a wheelchair.  She can't run, but then if we watch a major marathon these days we will surely remember that the wheelchair category is very competitive and well covered by the tv networks.  That combination of  youth (40 years), her sportiveness and the voluntary process of medically assisted dieing were impossible to ignore or not convey to everyone.

  Marieke is a native of Belgium.  She won gold and silver in London in the 100 meters and 200 meters.  Then in Rio she won the silver in the 400 and bronze in the 100.  In 2015 she was a triple gold medal winner in the World Championships.    I in no way think that running a 400 or using a wheelchair to cover that  distance is apples to oranges.  I can imagine the lactic fire in one's back, shoulders, abdomen,  biceps, forearms, wrists and hands as easily comparable to running with your feet and legs.



So what terrible illness led her to this day?  She suffered from a rare muscle  illness that is degenerative. It has also led to partial blindness.  She had only about 20% of normal vision.  In 2014 she also began having epileptic seizures, and was almost constantly in terrible pain.  She was sleep deprived because of her pain.  Even her caregivers were finding it very difficult to help someone in this condition.


In Belgium euthanasia is legal, but it is not easy to gain that right to end one's life legally.  She acquired that legal right in 2008 when she knew what lay in store for her.  This was four years before she won her first Olympic medal.  She stated several years ago that had she not  had the right to decide when to end her life, that she would have been forced to commit suicide many years ago.  Her future was so bleak.  But instead she chose to endure and continue to compete at this incredibly high level.  Were I in her position, I would hope that I would have that same right to decide my fate and the courage to continue as long as I could.  I cannot think of a braver person.  We cannot perhaps decide for others, but we should certainly be able to decide for ourselves.  Most of our readers are of an age when these considerations may soon be part of our lives.  I wish you all the freedom of choice.

Monday, October 21, 2019

V 9 N. 35 The Shoe Race

The Guardian: Oct 21, 2019 No Record Safe As IAAF Poised to Allow Shoe Race to Continue

This article appeared today in The Guardian.  I suppose we should weigh in a bit on technology and its effect on sport.  The claims on  shoes are 4-5% improvement in times in a marathon. That's a few minutes and implies that tech is responsible for Nike alphaFLYs and  Eliud Kipchoge's sub 2 hour effort.  It ignores all the other 'aid' that went into that effort.  And we all know that it will never be a world best until a sub 2 hour is run under race condtions.  Now they may give the women's world best to Brigid Kosgei even though she had men pacers helping her along to her destruction of Paula Radcliffe's record.  It all comes down to what was too much help.  Every Diamond League meet has pacers in the 800 and longer races.  They are designated, there is no mystery.  Only the World Championships and the Olympics are pacer free, unless Kenya or Ethiopia decide to sacrifice one of their many individuals to the national interest.  I have to ask myself as an average marathon runner 40 years ago if I would have anted up the hundreds of dollars for a shoe that would give me a couple of minutes off my time.  Maybe I would if it took me under a ten minute barrier, say from the 2hr 30s into the 2 hr 20s.  We buy all kinds of products to look better than we really are.  If we didn't the cosmetics industry would be nonexistant. Skinny jeans wouldn't be necessary.   If you remember back in 1972,  Bob Seagren had to give up his vaulting pole (thank you Adrian Paulsen), during competition, because it was not readily available to all competitors.  There had been a leap in technology and it was deemed too much of a leap to be fair to the other jumpers.  So a foregone conclusion of a victory for the US, instead went to an East German.  Talk about irony with the East Germans being some of the biggest cheats of all time.  Dick Fosbury was never in danger of being banned, because he did nothing artificial when he decided to go head first on his back over the high jump bar.  People laughed but then they bought into it.

 There was less said when pole vaulters began transitioning from steel and aluminum to fiberglass in the early 1960s, because the early fiberglass was heavy and hard to handle.  When they started making lighter poles, they also were breaking all the time, making for some spectacular photos and incredible full gainers over the pit, so that we weren't quite sure if fiberglass was a good idea. A number of vaulters had the scars to prove it.  Even modern vaulters still have some risk with fiberglass that a metal pole would not allow.  Jason Scott, a former NAIA vault champion got an end into his abdomen on a broken pole.  Nowdays, pole tech not an issue.  Eventually New Balance, Brooks and Adidas will catch up to Nike,  and the playing field will again be equal, and we will forget there was ever a disparity in shoes.  Life goes on.  We travel in jets instead of turbo props these days, and we'll even begin risking our necks again in the Boeing 737 Max or whatever it is called, and we'll just hope that the pilots will be trained to handle them.    George

Late entry:  John Bork Jr. has provided some great clarification to my statement above about the pole vault controversy at the 1972 Olympics.

Dear George:

Please forward to Arian Paulson as well.

RE; Bob Seagren did not have to give up his advantageous fiberglass pole in Munich at the 1972 Games,
because not all of the vaulters had one.

As the Athletic Diretor of the S. Cal. Striders with Bob Seagren, John Pennel and Bill Toomey and then
as  the Athletic Shoe Rep for Onitsuka Tiger at the '72 games, I became very aware of the pole vault "manipulation" by the Russians and the Entire Eastern Block of Counties.
In the 2 Years Prior to the '72 Games" every world class vaulter was provided with more than adequate supply of poles in order for them to  adjust to the new poles. Every world Class vaulter, save Wolfgang Nordwig of East Germany improved their height significantly, on the new poles. Thus, the Communist block worked to get these poles banned.  (They were produced from the the newer stronger "S" Glass" that became mainstay in the boat industry.)

THE USA and most of the Western Block Countries lobbied hard to get the poles approved.

About a year before the '72 Games they were, in fact approved for International Competition.
But, the Eastern Block Communist Countries lobbied hard to get the poles banned in an effort to improve Nordwig's chances of winning.
And, they were again successful. - Making specious claims.
Then about a month or 2 before Munich the US Olympic Technical committee along with the US Maker were successful in making the new poles legal & acceptable 
for the Munich Games.

Now all of us in the US breathed a sigh of relief that the poles were available to virtually every world class vaulter in the world, save Nordwig of East Germany.
Shockingly, in the last days before the pole vault competition the Eastern Block Communist nations were able to get a final ban on the new Poles.
We were stunned. But, we had a stock of the "old poles" and most every vaulter had at  least 1-2 old poles that were broken in and worked best for the vaulters.

But, the communists were not done yet.  Now the Rules committee moved in and confiscated the Americans Poles on the specious assertion that they could not be sure that
the old brown (black poles?) were not really the New S Glass Poles in Disguise.

Now Bob Seagren, young Steve Smith and our 3rd. vaulter ?? had to compete on unfamiliar poles that were not broken in.

I remember vividly the frustration and disgust shown by Steve Smith as he started down the runway on a practice run designed to get his
steps; take his pole and sling it down the runway careening into the pit.

And so it was that the Pole Vault was won by Wolfgang Nordwig of East Germany with the silver going to Bob Seagren.
John Bork Jr.

Sorry John, I don't have Paulsen's email.   George

George,
the third vaulter in the 72' olympics was ku's jan johnson.
placed 3rd.
Mike Solomon



Sports Reference.com's version is as follows.


The two best jumpers in 1972 were defending champion [Bob Seagren] and Sweden’s [Kjell Isaksson]. But also highly considered was 1968 bronze medalist [Wolfgang Nordwig] (GDR), who had won the 1966, 1969, and 1971 European Championships. Seagren and Isaksson were using the new Cata-Pole. But on 25 July the IAAF declared that pole to be illegal. The protest against the pole was lodged by the East Germans – Nordwig did not use that pole – based on the fact that it contained carbon fibers. When it was pointed out that the pole did not contain carbon fibers, and that IAAF rules did not specify any material prohibitions on poles, the IAAF banned it anyway because the equipment had not been available to all competitors for the past 12 months. It was also noted to the IAAF that their rules had no such requirement. Then on 27 August, the ban on the poles was lifted and it was announced they would be allowed. However, three days later, the IAAF again reversed itself and reinstated the ban on the poles, confiscating them from the pole vaulters rooms in the Olympic Village. (Obviously, Olympic officials in 1972 were more concerned with what was in the rooms of the Olympic Village than providing security for the place.)

In the competition, Isaksson was severely hampered by the rule change and did not clear a height in qualifying. At 5.30 (17-4½), four vaulters were left in the competition – Nordwig and Reinhard Kuretzky (FRG) clearing that height, while Seagren and [Jan Johnson] passed to 5.35 (17-6½). Kuretzky went out at 5.35, with Nordwig and Seagren getting first attempt clearances. Johnson went over on his third effort and would do no better, winning the bronze medal. At 5.40 (17-8½), Nordwig cleared on his second attempt and Seagren on his third. But Seagren missed 5.45 (17-10½) while Nordwig won the gold medal at that height, and went on to get over 5.50 (18-0½) as well. Seagren’s world record was 5.63 (18-5½) and he was incensed by how he had been manipulated by the officials. After his last vault, he took the pole he had been forced to vault with and handed it back to IAAF President Adriaan Paulen.

Final Round

RankAthleteAgeTeamNOCBHCMBHCTMBHCTABHC
1Wolfgang Nordwig28East GermanyGDR5.502410OR
2Bob Seagren25United StatesUSA5.40225=OR
3Jan Johnson21United StatesUSA5.35124
4Reinhard Kuretzky24West GermanyFRG5.30049
5Bruce Simpson22CanadaCAN5.20025
6Volker Ohl22West GermanyFRG5.20124
7Hans Lagerqvist32SwedenSWE5.20236
8François Tracanelli21FranceFRA5.10001
9Ingemar Jernberg21SwedenSWE5.10135
10Wojciech Buciarski22PolandPOL5.00001
11Khristos Papanikolaou30GreeceGRE5.00002
ACAntti Kalliomäki25FinlandFINNH000NH
ACHervé d'Encausse28FranceFRANH000NH
ACTadeusz Åšlusarski22PolandPOLNH000NH

 John Bork's explanation as well as the one which followed helped us remember the 1972 pole vault debacle.  The Communist Bloc countries were the ones who usually had the advantages but on this occasion it was the Americans who invented the superior pole and had the advantage.  I suspect the East Germans made the last-minute appeals because an earlier appeal would have given the entire world an opportunity to buy the superior Cat-a-Poles.  But mostly the IAAF caved into their threats to do something extreme.  The Eastern countries had a lot of power at that time, evidently more than the Americans.  I suspect the West Germans, rather than side with their friends, the Americans, opted to side with their former countrymen, the East Germans, to diminish the already-tense political rivalry between the two countries.  They also opted to present a more relaxed security atmosphere in the 1972 Munich games, attempting to purge themselves of the Nazi-era reputation of over policing.  Neither the pole vault nor the security plan worked, once again proving that it is best to do the right thing in the first place so you don't have to compensate with unnatural acts later on.
   Bill Schnier

George,
Thanks for commenting about "what is too much?"  Actually nobody knows even though Kipchoge must have set a WR in too much assistance.  So many people point to all his advantages but forget that many other world record holders had the most advantages available during their time.  His advantage was not that he had pacers but 6-7 teams of 7 fresh pacers block the wind and do everything else.  That is not available to anybody in an actual race.  The technology is supposed to help you, otherwise why would they make it?  Bill Schnier




   It is definitely the shoes, but then it has always been the shoes.  It is the job of shoe companies to produce better shoes.  When I switched from Chuck Taylor Converse All-Stars to Adidas kangaroo-skin spikes, I definitely sped up.  It was clearly the shoes.  Not mostly the shoes but partly the shoes.  The only trouble with these most recent shoes is they were available only to one person and after that would be sold to the general public at a very high price.  All the more reason to personally boycott Nike, which I do.
   But is it only the shoes?  Definitely not!  Is it only living in altitude for generations like we formally thought?  No, but it is partly the altitude.  Maybe it's also the culture of running in a few African countries which provides training groups, coaches, great roads, dry and warm but not too warm a climate, but mostly motivation to run.  Kipchoge thanked the greatest athletes in the world for pacing him but no American would have considered those guys to be the greatest athletes in the world.  Maybe the greatest runners in the world but not the greatest athletes in the world, but then he was speaking as a Kenyan.
   Was it any one thing?  Definitely not!  But it was many things such as a Kenyan diet, European supplements, and American money.  Even Elihud Kipchoge doesn't just go out and run 1:59.40.  There is always an explanation for everything.

   Bill

V 10 N. 72 Remembering Charlie Moore Olympic Gold 1952 400IH R.I.P.

Walt Murphy brought this news to our attention on his blog This Day in Track and Field. The notes below are from Olympedia....